The cucumber is a climbing plant, whose branches can grow from 1 to 3 m in length. Its fruits are usually consumed yet immature, raw or canned. (source: zyto.us)
The cucumber prefers warm weather, growing well in places with temperatures between 18 ° C and 30 ° C. In regions subject to frosts and low temperatures, the cucumber can be grown inside greenhouses. The plant should not be grown in a place exposed to the wind.
The cucumber grows best in high light conditions, with direct sunlight at least a few hours a day.
Plant in soil rich in organic matter, fertile and well drained. This plant does not need a soil rich in nitrogen. The ideal soil pH is 5.5 to 6.8.
The cucumber must be irrigated with the necessary frequency so that its roots never become dry, but without the soil is soaked.
Cucumber seeds do not germinate well at temperatures below 20 ° C. Sow preferably directly in the garden, because the seedlings do not support the transplant well. However, if you wish or are convenient (for example, if your region has cold winters and you want to plant in early spring, when there is still a risk of low temperatures), seeds can be sown in pots, cups made of newspaper, kept in heated places, and then carefully transplanted to the final location. The seeds can be sown at 2 or 3 cm depth, and germination takes 5 to 15 days.
The indicated spacing for the cucumber can vary greatly with the cultivar and method of cultivation. In tufted cultivation, the spacing can generally be 60 cm to 1 m between the crop lines and 45 to 50 cm between the plants. For cultivation of creeping plants, the spacing can be 2 m between rows and 75 cm to 1 m between plants. For the production of cucumber destined for canning, the spacing can be from 1 m to 1.2 m between the crop lines and from 20 cm between the plants.
It is possible to grow cucumbers in pots that are at least 30 cm in diameter and depth, but most cultivars do not grow and produce well under these conditions.
The cucumber can be cultivated as a creeping plant or can be tutored, then growing on a fence, a trellis, an arbor, etc. There are a few cultivars that form clumps and do not spread across the land.
The tips of the main branches can be cut to promote a greater branching of the plants. For tufted plants, this should only be done when the branches reach the full height of the support.
Most of the cultivars need the presence of bees for the pollination and consequent formation of the fruits. A few cultivars are parthenocarpic, that is, they present the formation of the fruit without the occurrence of pollination. These cultivars usually produce only female flowers, but occasionally they can produce some male flowers, which can be removed. In these cultivars, pollination should be avoided because the fruits lose quality if they produce seeds. To do this, either prevent the bees from reaching the flowers, for example by doing the cultivation inside an enclosed greenhouse or do not plant other cucumber cultivars nearby. (Source: wikihow.com)
Cucumber harvest usually begins 30 to 70 days after planting, depending on the cultivar, the purpose (pickles are harvested earlier) and the growing conditions. Harvesting the fruits of most cultivars should be done when they are well developed, but before they begin to ripen. The cucumber destined for canning is harvested still young when it is from 3 cm to 9 cm in length. The cucumber is an annual plant.