Understanding What is Turbocharger and Supercharger

In recent times, one always hears a lot of talk in these two words of the title, but few really know what the difference between these two words. Today’s article will introduce the reader to the differences between these two engine types and to clarify the doubts of those who know just what it is.
The terms Turbocharger and Supercharger refer directly to ways in which the power of an engine can be increased, and is the main focus of drivers’ doubts when they are looking for a way to make that transformation. Taking advantage of this great doubt, our article will also make important considerations about which method is most effective in increasing the horsepower of an engine.

Perhaps the great reason for the controversy between Turbocharger and Supercharger is due to the relative “novelty” in which these terms appeared to the public, since the Brazilian automotive industry only put some type of engine with more performance and consequently the adhesion to these systems in sports cars and luxury, leaving the cars that would be within reach of the great majority without any type of poisoning in its less powerful versions.

That frame has changed from time to time and manufacturers have come up with some more powerful engine options in their most popular models, such as Volkswagen, its Gol Turbo, and Ford with its Fiesta Supercharger. As a result, automakers now offer lower-cost models with more advanced engine options than standard versions.

The Turbocharger

Continuing the basis of comparison between the VW Gol and the Ford Fiesta, are small and low-displacement motor cars, which have the option of increasing power, but using different systems, and for that to happen, in the case of Gol is used the Turbo and in the case of Ford model, the Supercharger.
In the case of Gol, Volkswagen used the well-known turbocharger system to make Gol’s 1000-cylinder engine start from the 69 rated horsepower for good 112 horsepower with the turbo coupled to the conventional engine system. Just so that the size of the transformation is recorded, the turbo Gol achieves a power equivalent to the engine models that have double the displacement, the 2.0, only with one great advantage: lower weight and fuel consumption.

In the most analytical way, Volkswagen achieved the “magic” by making a few changes to its engine’s injection modules, coupled the turbine to a much richer fuel and used caution in engineering, reinforcing the rear of the engine with forged materials, that with this the engine gained resistance and thus withstand the extra pressure that the turbo proves in relation to the conventional engine.

The Supercharger

The system used by Ford is much more ingenious and quite unknown to the vast majority of Brazilians, as it was much more widespread in cars with heavier engines, such as the eight-cylinder or larger, such as V10 or V12, making use of a compressor for the mixture to be fed more richly and thus to obtain the required power gain.
The problem with this type of system is that once the compressors were large, they left the engine heavy and manipulated the fuel well before the intake systems, causing greater danger in heating cases, greater chance of leakage and lower consumption efficiency, completely in newer versions of this system, where smaller compressors work only with the air of the mixture and the fuel is practically injected over the valves. For added safety, there is still an intercooler to cool the temperature generated by the engine and avoid problems.

Definition About Cancer

Cancer is the name given to a set of more than 100 diseases that have in common the disordered ( malignant ) growth of cells that invade the tissues and organs and can spread ( metastasize ) to other regions of the body.

Dividing rapidly, these cells tend to be very aggressive and uncontrollable, determining the formation of tumors (accumulation of cancer cells) or malignant neoplasms. On the other hand, a benign tumor simply means a localized mass of cells that multiply slowly and resemble their original tissue, rarely constituting a risk to life.

Different types of cancer correspond to the various types of cells in the body. For example, there are several types of skin cancer because the skin is made up of more than one type of cell. If the cancer starts in epithelial tissues such as skin or mucous membranes it is called carcinoma. Whether it begins in connective tissues like bone, muscle or cartilage is called sarcoma.

Other characteristics that differentiate the different types of cancer among themselves are the speed of multiplication of the cells and the ability to invade neighboring or distant tissues and organs ( metastases ).

What causes cancer? The causes of cancer are varied, being external or internal to the organism, both being interrelated. External causes are related to the environment and to the habits or customs proper to a social and cultural environment. Internal causes are, for the most part, genetically predetermined, linked to the body’s ability to defend itself against external aggressions. These causative factors can interact in various ways, increasing the likelihood of malignant transformation in normal cells.

Of all cases, 80% to 90% of cancers are associated with environmental factors. Some of them are well known: cigarette smoking can cause lung cancer, excessive exposure to the sun can cause skin cancer, and some viruses can cause leukemia. Others are under study, as are some components of the food we eat, and many are still completely unknown.

Aging brings changes in cells that increase their susceptibility to malignant transformation. This, coupled with the fact that older people’s cells have been exposed to different risk factors for cancer, explains in part why cancer is more frequent in these individuals. The environmental risk factors for cancer are called carcinogens or carcinogens. These factors act by altering the genetic structure (DNA) of cells.
The onset of cancer depends on the intensity and duration of exposure of the cells to cancer-causing agents. For example, a person’s risk of developing lung cancer is directly proportional to the number of cigarettes smoked per day and the number of years they have been smoking. source: articlesonhealth.net

Risk factors of an environmental nature

Cancer risk factors can be found in the environment or can be inherited. Most cases of cancer (80%) are related to the environment, in which we find a large number of risk factors. The environment is understood as the environment in general (water, earth , nd air), the occupational environment (chemical and related industries), the environment of consumption (food, medicine), the social and cultural environment (style and habits of life).

The changes brought about by the man himself, the ‘habits’ and the ‘lifestyle’ adopted by the people, can determine different types of cancer.


Rat is a different mouse. In fact, the pest control service should be called rodent control, not control mice, because of the rodent species.

But the fact is that when we see a rodent, mind screams soon: a mouse! So it is easier to use the generic nomenclature of rats for all rodents considered urban pests (about 50 species, most of the Muridae family).

Learn the differences between mice and rats, so you can identify them correctly the next time you catch sight of a rodent.


Among the species of rodents that plague urban areas in Brazil, three stand out: the mouse ( Mus musculus ), a rat ( Rattus overgives ) and the lining rat ( Rattus rattus ).

We will separate them into two groups to get to easier identification: mouse (rat and lining mouse) and mice. See the illustration below to learn what you should observe to differentiate mice rats!


They do not fall into traps more? Poison flee you put it? Nor cats can hunt them?

If homemade methods do not solve your problem with rodents, it’s time to make a service pest control.

Out of the game, know that rats and mice easily adapt to any environment and learn from your mistakes.

Using homemade methods to combat rodents is not recommended. In addition to taking risks when handling poisons, the person can exacerbate the problem of infestation. So we have diversified strategies for the control of rodents.


To trace the correct strategy is necessary to analyze the behavior and biology of the animal. Our employees are constantly trained by highly trained biologists, as the Marcio Alves, master of rodent control by the University of Reading (England).

The training combined with the use of products and the latest technology guarantee the success of our pest control services.

For example, in places where it is not possible to use rodenticides, our team will install PEP boxes (permanent poisoning point) strategically placed.

These boxes are closed and highly resistant. Inside baits attract rodents, entering through a small hole.

It is a safe method, widely used in environments with pets, children, or in establishments that handle food or medicine.

How to Plant Cucumber

The cucumber is a climbing plant, whose branches can grow from 1 to 3 m in length. Its fruits are usually consumed yet immature, raw or canned. (source: zyto.us)


The cucumber prefers warm weather, growing well in places with temperatures between 18 ° C and 30 ° C. In regions subject to frosts and low temperatures, the cucumber can be grown inside greenhouses. The plant should not be grown in a place exposed to the wind.


The cucumber grows best in high light conditions, with direct sunlight at least a few hours a day.


Plant in soil rich in organic matter, fertile and well drained. This plant does not need a soil rich in nitrogen. The ideal soil pH is 5.5 to 6.8.


The cucumber must be irrigated with the necessary frequency so that its roots never become dry, but without the soil is soaked.


Cucumber seeds do not germinate well at temperatures below 20 ° C. Sow preferably directly in the garden, because the seedlings do not support the transplant well. However, if you wish or are convenient (for example, if your region has cold winters and you want to plant in early spring, when there is still a risk of low temperatures), seeds can be sown in pots, cups made of newspaper, kept in heated places, and then carefully transplanted to the final location. The seeds can be sown at 2 or 3 cm depth, and germination takes 5 to 15 days.

The indicated spacing for the cucumber can vary greatly with the cultivar and method of cultivation. In tufted cultivation, the spacing can generally be 60 cm to 1 m between the crop lines and 45 to 50 cm between the plants. For cultivation of creeping plants, the spacing can be 2 m between rows and 75 cm to 1 m between plants. For the production of cucumber destined for canning, the spacing can be from 1 m to 1.2 m between the crop lines and from 20 cm between the plants.

It is possible to grow cucumbers in pots that are at least 30 cm in diameter and depth, but most cultivars do not grow and produce well under these conditions.


The cucumber can be cultivated as a creeping plant or can be tutored, then growing on a fence, a trellis, an arbor, etc. There are a few cultivars that form clumps and do not spread across the land.

The tips of the main branches can be cut to promote a greater branching of the plants. For tufted plants, this should only be done when the branches reach the full height of the support.

Most of the cultivars need the presence of bees for the pollination and consequent formation of the fruits. A few cultivars are parthenocarpic, that is, they present the formation of the fruit without the occurrence of pollination. These cultivars usually produce only female flowers, but occasionally they can produce some male flowers, which can be removed. In these cultivars, pollination should be avoided because the fruits lose quality if they produce seeds. To do this, either prevent the bees from reaching the flowers, for example by doing the cultivation inside an enclosed greenhouse or do not plant other cucumber cultivars nearby. (Source: wikihow.com)


Cucumber harvest usually begins 30 to 70 days after planting, depending on the cultivar, the purpose (pickles are harvested earlier) and the growing conditions. Harvesting the fruits of most cultivars should be done when they are well developed, but before they begin to ripen. The cucumber destined for canning is harvested still young when it is from 3 cm to 9 cm in length. The cucumber is an annual plant.

AMD Threadripper 1950X vs Intel i9 7960X

With the confirmation of AMD Threadripper technical specifications coming to market in August, AMD has outlined what promises to be an interesting consumer dispute that seeks high-tech and superior performance on their computers.

Core i7 and Core i9: see what has changed between the two Intel processors

What attracts attention are the competitive prices of AMD’s 16-core super processors compared to Intel’s already announced figures for the i9 7960X processor, which also offers 16 cores and will reach the market costing $ 900 more than its competitor (R $ 2,890, in direct conversion without taxes).


Specifications: Threadripper 1950X

Both processors have 16 cores and 32 threads. In terms of speed, according to AMD, the processor operates between 3.4 and 4.0 GHz. The Intel Core most similar to the announcement of AMD is the i9 7900X model, which adds ten cores, and has speeds between 3.3 and 4.3 GHz. an accuracy of the 7960X have not yet been revealed by Intel.
The advantage of the AMD processor lies in the CPU’s ability to operate with 60 PCIe lines in contrast to the 44 supported on all i9s launched by Intel to date. This is important because it is through PCIe interfaces that the user installs video cards, high-performance SSDs, and other specialized peripherals in cases of computers with the more professional application.

Performance: tie

At the moment, there are no independent comparisons between the two CPUs that can safely determine which of the two is better and therefore the fairer result is even the draw, no matter how clues point the AMD super processor as the winner. If AMD numbers are realistic, Threadripper has considerable processing advantages by powering multiple cores.
This may be due to a feature created by AMD on Ryzen processors, of which Threadripper is a part: SMB intelligently applies idle portions of the CPU to improve performance in applications that take advantage of multiple processing cores.

Compatibility: tie

Both Threadripper and i9 require the consumer to invest in new hardware. At the very least, you will need to purchase a new motherboard: in the case of AMD, unlike the socket AM4 used by all Ryzen, the Threadripper fits into the new TR4 platform. Intel repeats the same approach: the i9, and in fact any processor in the Extreme series, needs an LGA 2066 socket.

Know What Processor is and What its Function

A processor is a kind of specialized microchip. Its function is to accelerate, address, solve or prepare data depending on the application. Basically, a processor is a powerful calculator: It receives a certain amount of data, oriented in binary pattern 0 and 1 and has the function of responding to that volume, processing the information based on instructions stored in its internal memory.

Control Unit

The term “electronic brain” is far from classifying and summarizing the operation of a processor. However, the Control Unit is the closest to a brain within the processor. This controller defines the operating and ordering order of the various processor tasks.

Importance of Clock

Having more or less Hertz means how much the processor exchanges data with the system. The 2.0 GHz processor can perform 2 billion cycles per second.
The clock circuit, which measures the cycles and guides the pace of the information exchange flow in the processor, is one of the main criteria for establishing the processor speed. It is worth noting, however, that other points enter this account, such as memory interface, cache quantity, architecture, among others.


There are several types of processors and each type of application requires a certain type of processor. This is the case with our computers, which use x86.

Compact devices with fewer types of applications use different types of processors. The cell phone, regardless of the level of sophistication, uses a SoC processor ( an acronym for System on a Chip: system on a chip). This means that the processor in question adds several other features, such as radio chip, connectivity, graphics processor, and more.

Basically, any chip that controls some hardware is a processor. It receives data, addresses it, and returns it processed. A network card, a Bluetooth adapter and even a pen drive have controllers.

GPUs and parallelism

This explains why newer supercomputers are built by adopting GPU clusters.

Although they are not a match for logical processing of CPUs, graphics processors are ideal for a large volume of data.

What is RAM and What is its Function?

RAM is a type of technology that allows access to files stored on the computer. Unlike HD memory, RAM does not permanently store content. It is responsible, however, for reading the contents when required. That is, in a non-sequential way, therefore, the English nomenclature of Random Access Memory (Random Access Memory).

To simplify the logic behind the function of RAM, it is possible to make an analogy with a study table, where all the necessary material to carry out the homework is gathered: such as pens, pencils, notebook, and books. The materials would be the files and the RAM, the table, where everything comes together and the work are done. Source: pc-drive.com

Thus, RAM can be understood as a temporary work space, because after the task is done, the files (study material) are removed from the memory (table) and kept in the HD (cabinet).

How it works

Just like the desktop, the larger the RAM, the greater it is working capacity. But table capacity is measured in area. The larger the table area, the more books fit and the faster the work gets done. Already the capacity of the RAM memory is measured by the bit stream supported in the operations.

That is, if you access a large amount of memory in the HD at one time, as many current programs require, you need a lot of RAM. These are, therefore, the megabytes or gigabytes that appear in the configurations.
RAM is a microprocessor-like chip made up of millions of transistors and capacitors. The capacitor is a part capable of storing electrons. When it is loaded, the system does a reading based on the famous binary code of “zeros and ones”. Each reading of this in zero or one means a bit of information. This reading is done very fast, it’s many in a few thousandths of a second. This is how RAM processes all the actions performed by the user.

Width and bus speed

Other characteristics that influence the processing power of RAM are the width and speed of the bus, which is a set of “wires” responsible for connecting the memory to the other components.
The width tells us the number of bits that can be sent to the CPU simultaneously. Speed is the number of times that group of bits can be sent every second.

The memory communicates with the CPU, exchanging data, and complete what is known as a bus cycle. It is this period which presents memory performance which, can be 100MHz and 32bit, for example. This means that such memory is capable of sending 32 bits of data to the processor 100 million times per second. However, there is an effect called latency, which delays the data transfer rate significantly when sending the first bit.
When buying a memory you should be aware of this transfer rate issue. It is useless for memory to have a high frequency and the system frequency to be lower because the system rate will limit that of RAM. So for a system that runs at 100MHz and 32bit, buy a memory with the same features.

Nausea and often Get Sulfur Burps, am I pregnant?

Pregnancy occurs when the sperm cells released by men during ejaculation successfully enter the vagina and uterus so that it can reach the eggs that women released when ovulating. Without this fertilization process, there will be no pregnancy.

Thus, if the husband’s sperm does not enter the vagina (only in pants and then dries), then the possibility of pregnancy is almost impossible. It can be read in the process of fertilization related nausea and sulfur burps that it is experienced, can be caused by many causes. Here are some of them eating too much, gastritis or gastric inflammation, GERD or gastric acid disease, gastroenteritis or diarrheal syndrome due to food poisoning, appendicitis or appendicitis, too high sugar levels (hyperglycemia) or low (hypoglycemia), urinary tract infection, infection or kidney stones, etc.

sulfur burps

If it has checked into a doctor, do the treatment as recommended by the doctor. It can be consulted again when the symptoms of nausea and sulfur burps do not heal or control within the prescribed time. Some efforts to reduce nausea and burps eat regularly, if possible eat small portions but often (5-6 times a day) than eat at once in many portions, avoid foods that can irritate the stomach, such as too spicy, sour, oily, avoid caffeinated and alcoholic beverages, avoid exposure to cigarette smoke, enough rest, avoid stress, exercise regularly.

Soft drinks bring more wind to the stomach. When get sulfur burps after drinking soda, it is the wind coming out of the stomach, not the esophagus. The wind coming out of the stomach usually sounds louder and generally coupled with the smell.

Carbonated beverages usually cause exhaust gases as the body’s efforts remove air from the stomach. The burps from the stomach usually smells more, because the food is already digested. If belching is often accompanied by a feeling of nausea, heartburn and a bit of fluid from the stomach (spit up), there is a possibility you have gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD) or better known as gastric acid disease.


Classification of Cervicalgia

Cervicalgia due to spinal disease is divided into several groups. They are different clinical manifestations, consequences, and features of tactical therapy. At the specifics of the pathological process is as follows the type of disease spondylogenic cervicalgia (vertebral). Developed violates bone integrity as a result of infection, osteoporosis, tumors, trauma. Pathological changes of bone irritate the nerves, which causes tonic seizures of the muscles in the neck and pain discogenic cervicalgia (true). It arises as a result of the destruction of the intervertebral disc – degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine. This reduces the height of the cartilage layer between the spines, reducing its elasticity, breaking the neurovascular bundle, which causes pain.

With flow properties is cervicalgia: acute – often occurs as a result of injury or dorsopathies, manifested by pain in the neck, chronic – occurs in the background from low-intensity infections, osteoporosis, slow-growing tumors, carotid artery disease, and is characterized by constant pain of low intensity.


Depending on the affected part by secreting the body: tservikokranialgiyu – involvement in the pathological process of the cerebral blood vessels, which manifests itself to violate the blood flow of the brain, cervicobrachialgia – poor circulation through the vessels of the upper limb, leading to impairment of sensory and motor function. The International Classification of Diseases ICD 10 code of M54.2 disease is assigned, except in cases of discogenic Cervicalgia, which is covered in the M50 group.

The main manifestation of this disease is pain, the intensity of which depends on the field of disease severity. The pain can occur in the form of tingling, burning, exploding, throbbing. Can be permanent or aggravated by movement. Usually in neck discomfort compounded when bending, twisting, as well as coughing, sneezing, laughing. Vertebrogenic cervicalgia is characterized by the following symptoms: pain in the cervical spine, enhanced by changes in head position, difficulty of movement in the neck, tension from the muscles of the neck, crisis in head movement, “Vatnost” in the neck, numbness of the hands, feeling of “crawling” tingling, reducing sensitivity to the fingers (if cervicobrachialgia), govokruzheniya, decreased visual acuity, tinnitus, nausea, numbness in the occipital region (in tservikokranialgiyu).

Child Fever with Red Hay Fever Rash, Alert Kawasaki Disease

Childhood fevers and hay fever rash in children are often considered trivial by most parents, but this symptom is one symptom of a disease of the heart and blood vessels that are vulnerable to small children: Kawasaki disease. Kawasaki disease attacks the arteries and causes inflammation or inflammation of the blood vessel wall throughout the body. In further cases, the disease may propagate into the coronary artery blood vessels, the blood vessels that carry blood to the heart, and lead to further heart and blood vessel diseases. Not only that, this disease also attacks lymph nodes, skin, and mucous membranes in the mouth, nose, and throat, so often referred to as mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome.

hay fever rash

The Kawasaki hay fever rash disease generally affects children under the age of five, often in the range of one to two years of age. Symptoms similar to diseases that are considered ‘mild’ make this disease often late diagnosed. According to a child heart consultant most new patients are treated when they are already in an acute sub phase, where there is a heart disorder. This is very risky considering the late handling will be fatal for the child.

Experts do not know exactly what causes Kawasaki hay fever rash disease, there are still too many possible causes of cardiovascular disease in this child. Most likely the disease is caused by a virus, judging by the characteristics of the symptoms caused. However, since the disease is not contagious, it seems the virus is not the only cause of the disease. Some studies suggest that Kawasaki’s disease is probably caused by an abnormal reaction to a particular virus. Other studies also say that this disease is an autoimmune disorder, in which the immune system in a child’s body thinks that body tissues are pathogens so that the tissues are attacked.