Cervicalgia due to spinal disease is divided into several groups. They are different clinical manifestations, consequences, and features of tactical therapy. At the specifics of the pathological process is as follows the type of disease spondylogenic cervicalgia (vertebral). Developed violates bone integrity as a result of infection, osteoporosis, tumors, trauma. Pathological changes of bone irritate the nerves, which causes tonic seizures of the muscles in the neck and pain discogenic cervicalgia (true). It arises as a result of the destruction of the intervertebral disc – degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine. This reduces the height of the cartilage layer between the spines, reducing its elasticity, breaking the neurovascular bundle, which causes pain.
With flow properties is cervicalgia: acute – often occurs as a result of injury or dorsopathies, manifested by pain in the neck, chronic – occurs in the background from low-intensity infections, osteoporosis, slow-growing tumors, carotid artery disease, and is characterized by constant pain of low intensity.
Depending on the affected part by secreting the body: tservikokranialgiyu – involvement in the pathological process of the cerebral blood vessels, which manifests itself to violate the blood flow of the brain, cervicobrachialgia – poor circulation through the vessels of the upper limb, leading to impairment of sensory and motor function. The International Classification of Diseases ICD 10 code of M54.2 disease is assigned, except in cases of discogenic Cervicalgia, which is covered in the M50 group.
The main manifestation of this disease is pain, the intensity of which depends on the field of disease severity. The pain can occur in the form of tingling, burning, exploding, throbbing. Can be permanent or aggravated by movement. Usually in neck discomfort compounded when bending, twisting, as well as coughing, sneezing, laughing. Vertebrogenic cervicalgia is characterized by the following symptoms: pain in the cervical spine, enhanced by changes in head position, difficulty of movement in the neck, tension from the muscles of the neck, crisis in head movement, “Vatnost” in the neck, numbness of the hands, feeling of “crawling” tingling, reducing sensitivity to the fingers (if cervicobrachialgia), govokruzheniya, decreased visual acuity, tinnitus, nausea, numbness in the occipital region (in tservikokranialgiyu).